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Al-Ikhlas () (The Fidelity), aka At-tawhid (سورة التوحيد) (Monotheism) is the 112 (number)th Sura of the Qur'an. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God's absolute unity, consisting of 4 Ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining", meaning to remain pure and faithful or a state of purging one's soul of non-Islamic beliefs, such as paganism and polytheism.
It is disputed whether this is a Makkan or Madinan sura. The former seems more probable, particularly since it seems to be have been alluded to by Bilal, who, when he was being tortured by his cruel master, is said to have repeated "Ahad, Ahad!" (unique, referring as here to Allah). It is reported from Ubayy ibn Ka'b that it was revealed after the polytheists asked "O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord."
This sura establishes the Oneness of the Creator: the doctrine of Tawhid. It says that God is without equal, without origin, without end, and unlike anything else that exists. The fourth line, "Nothing is like Him", is a fundamental statement of tanzih; God as the incomparable.
Ahadith about al-IkhlasEdit
According to the ahadith, this sura is an especially important and honored part of the Quran:
- Imam Malik bin Anas has said that `Ubayd bin Hunayn heard Abu Hurayrah speaking:
"I was walking with the Prophet and we heard a man reciting "Say: He, Allah, is One" The Allah's Apostle said: "It is inevitable" I asked "what?": He responded: "Paradise."
- Abu Said has narrated that he heard the Prophet saying:
"Isn't every one of you able to recite one third of the Quran during a night?" They thought it was very difficult, so they asked: "Who is able to do that, O Apostle of Allah?" He responded: "He is Allah, the One and Only is one third of the Qur'an."