The sura condemns Abu Lahab and his wife as examples of worldly and wealth-driven sinners. Although they have much on earth, it will not avail them in the Hereafter. The "firewood" they have carried in this life (symbols of their clutching onto material possessions and business) will, in the Hellfire prove to be the kindling of their damnation. This is to say, in their materialism they have been the architects of their own unfortunate destiny.
The power of Abu Lahab will perish, and he will perish. (1)
His wealth and gains will not exempt him. (2)
He will be plunged in flaming Fire, (3)
And his wife, the wood-carrier, (4)
Will have upon her neck a halter of palm-fibre. (5)
The chapter has been revealed in the year 610-14.