A famous recorded oral tradition among Muslims (Arabic: Hadith) is about a comment made by Muhammad. Although this narration is prominently quoted and referred to, it is not given any formal name, in contrast to other hadith such as the Hadith of the pond of Khumm or the Hadith of Qur'an and Sunnah
Moslems differ on the view.
Based on the narrations, Sunnis have listed ten people whom they believe were promised paradise while living. The list is written in the order in which the prophet Muhammad said them. The first four of them are known by Sunnis as the "Righteously Guided Caliphs".
|Abu Bakr As-Siddiq||أبو بكر الصدّيق||51||13||573||634|
|Umar bin Al-Khattab||عمر بن الخطّاب||40||23||584||644|
|Uthman ibn Affan||عثمان بن عفّان||47||35||577||656|
|Ali ibn Abi Talib||علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب||23||40||600||661|
|Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah||طلحة بن عبيد الله||28||36||596||656|
|Zubayr ibn al-Awwam||الزبير بن العوّام||28||36||596||656|
|Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf||عبد الرحمن بن عوف||31||654|
|Sa'ad ibn Abi Waqqas||سعد بن أبي وقّاص||23||55||600||675|
|Abu Ubaida ibn al-Jarrah||أبو عبيدة بن الجراح||40||18||584||640|
|Said ibn Zayd||سعيد بن زيد||51||672|
Sunnis call these ten people the The Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: Al-Asharatu Mubashshirun or Al-Mobashareen Bel-Jannah), a concept widely referred to in order to strengthen the status of those enumerated.
according to swordofallah.com:
- The Companions were divided into twelve ranks by the scholars. This division was made according to the chronological order and some groups are also included in others. It was accepted by the majority of scholars:
It then enumerates twelve groups of Sahaba, starting with the "ten promised paradise" being included as the first and highest ranked group.
Shias often raise the differences in narration of certain hadith found in Sunni collections as a legitimate reason to disavow their authenticity. Sunnis have argued that slight differences in the narration of a hadith do not dismantle its credibility. Most ahadeeth have more than one narration, indeed they tend to be more trustworthy, as the ones with only a single narration are usually found only transmitted through a single isnad.
Shia do not believe in the concept and have concluded that the idea is built on hadeeth that were fabricated during Umayyad reign, forged for political reasons to elevate the adversaries of the Ahl al-Bayt.
- sunnah.org, presenting Abu Bakr as the first of "ten promised paradise"