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Islam in Cyprus was introduced when Uthman the 3rd Caliph conquered Cyprus in 649. Muslims lived throughout Cyprus but prior to 1974, and since have been concentrated in Northern Cyprus.
Until 1974, Turkish Cypriots (the Muslim community of Cyprus) made up 18% of the island's population. Today there are an estimated 264,172 Muslims based in the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots are exclusively Sunni, with an influential stream of Sufism underlying their spiritual heritage and development. Nazim al-Qubrusi, the leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani order, hails from Larnaca and currently resides in Lefka.
Since the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Muslim population has been bolstered by settlers from Turkey who are almost exclusively Muslim.