In India, Islam is the second most practiced religion after Hinduism. More then 13% of India's population are Muslims.
Islam arrived in India in the 12th century and has since become a part of India's rich religious and cultural heritage. Over the years, there has been significant integration of Hindu and Muslim cultures across India and the Muslims have played a prominent role in India's economic rise and cultural influence.
Matters of jurisdiction involving Muslims in India related to marriage, inheritance and wakf properties are governed by the Muslim Personal Law, and the courts have ruled that Sharia or Muslim law, holds precedence for Muslims over Indian civil law in such matters. India is the only country in the world where the government subsidizes the airfare for the Hajj pilgrimage, spending Indian Rupee ₹ 47,454 per passenger.
In the past there has been religious conflicts between Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus in India.
India's largest mosque is the Jama Masjid in New Delhi.