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Islam in Lebanon

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Islam in Lebanon is divided up by four sects; Shi'a, Sunni, Alawite, and Ismailis. Muslims account for 59.7% of the total population of Lebanon, where 39% are Christians.

About 25% of the Lebanese population is Sunni, concentrated largely in coastal cities. Shi'is - about 35% of the total population of Lebanon - live mostly in the northern area of the Beqaa Valley and southern Lebanon.

Religious officials of each sect maintain jurisdiction over personal status law. The distribution of political power is based on religious affiliation: the president must be Maronite Catholic Christian, the speaker of the parliament must be Shia Muslim and the prime minister must be Sunni Muslim.

One of Lebanon's famous mosques is the Mohammad al-Amin Mosque in Beruit. The blue-domed mosque has an Ottoman inspiration, copying the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey.

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